This is our heart whelming colossal desire to welcome all of you to a new era of logical gatherings and scientific conferences.
It’s our great pleasure to welcome you all for the World Congress on Smart and Emerging Materials scheduled during November 26-28, 2018 at Dubai, UAE.
Smart Materials 2018 aims to gather the Researchers, principal investigators, experts and researchers working under academia and health care industry, Business Delegates, Scientists and students across the globe to provide an international forum for the dissemination of original research results, new ideas and practical development experiences. We hope that you will grasp this academic occasion to revitalize the enduring connections and flash with new peers around the globe.
Meet the Global Inspiring Experts and Speakers at our Smart Materials 2018 to talk about on new advances in the field of medical and engineering to improve health and treatment and additional innovations. smartmaterials 2018 not just make a phase to exchange estimations to the enormous social occasion of individuals, yet also endeavour to spread concentrated and research advances in the clinical, definite and physiological parts of medicinal and designing. It happens to be more feasible for everyone to put in the photograph with novel research and to perceive the degree and noteworthiness of specific research runs in the field of therapeutic and designing.
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Track 1.Smart materials
Smart materials have residences that react to adjustments of their surroundings. There are an extensive range of Smart materials like Shape Memory Alloys, Piezo electric substances, Quantum tunneling composites, Electro Luminent substances, Photo chromic substances and many more. Shape material alloys are bent out of shape, when it is heated above a certain temperature it will return to its original shape. Piezoelectric materials are ferroelectric compositions and their solid solutions, which are made by the synthesis (thermal treatment) of a mixture of different oxides, carbonates and salts of metals. - Quantum-tunneling composite (QTC) is a versatile polymer which incorporates tiny steel debris. it is usually an insulator but if it is squeezed it will become a conductor. Electroluminescent substances provide out mild while an electric present day is implemented to them. Among many viable applications are safety signs and clothing for use at night. Photochromic materials alternate coloration consistent with extraordinary lights conditions. They are used for security markers that may most effective be seen in ultraviolet light. Self-healing materials are artificial or synthetically-created substances that have the built-in ability to automatically repair damage to themselves without any external diagnosis of the problem or human intervention. Chromogenic film or paper contains one or many layers of silver halide emulsion, along with dye couplers that, in combination with processing chemistry, form visible dyes. In processing, the silver image of each layer is first developed. Smart Inorganic Polymers are inorganic polymers with tunable properties such as stimuli responsive physical properties . While organic polymers are often petrol-based, the backbone of Smart polymers is made from elements other than carbon which lessens the burden on scarce non-renewable resources or even provides alternatives to them.
Track2.Bio Materials and Biotechnology
Biomaterials are materials which are used in medical devices or in contact with biological systems. Biomaterials itself has seen steady growth as an individual field over its half century of existence and derives its ideas from medicine, biology, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It has its classifications in many fields and few of them are as follows .Molecular Chemistry is a creative science, where chemists synthesize molecules with new biological or physical properties to address scientific or societal challenges. Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes. There are many sub disciplines within biomedical engineering, including the design and development of active and passive medical devices, orthopedic implants, medical imaging, biomedical signal processing, tissue and stem cell engineering, and clinical engineering. Bioinformatics is the use of computers for the acquisition, management, and analysis of biological information. It incorporates elements of molecular biology, computational biology, database computing. Biomechanics is the study of how the systems and structures of biological organisms, from the smallest plants to the largest animals and even in human beings, react to various forces and external stimuli. Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. The field of sustainable biomaterials is about the use of natural, renewable resources to produce innovative materials and bioenergy in a sustainable manner. It is a blend of science, engineering. The applications of bio medical engineering in medicine are for bio imaging, bionics.
Track3. Nano materials and Nano technology
Nano materials are classified into various types. The carbon Nano tubes which are of interest both because of their mechanical strength and also because of their electrical properties. The fullerenes are a class of allotropes of carbon which conceptually are grapheme sheets rolled into tubes or spheres. Nanoparticles or Nano crystals made of semiconductors, metals, or oxides are of particular interest for their mechanical, magnetic, electrical, chemical, optical and other properties. Nanozymes are nanomaterial with enzyme-like characteristics is emerging type of artificial enzyme, which have been used for wide applications in such as bio sensing, tumor diagnosis. Nanotechnology refers to manipulation of the structure of matter on a length scale of some small number of nanometers, anything from 0.1 nm (controlling the arrangement of individual atoms) to 100 nm or more (smaller than micro technology). Biological systems often feature natural, functional nano materials. The structure of foraminifera (mainly chalk) and viruses (protein, capsid), the wax crystals covering a lotus or nasturtium leaf, spider and spider-mite silk, the blue hue of tarantulas, the "spatulae" on the bottom of gecko feet, some butterfly wing scales, natural colloids (milk, blood), horny materials (skin, claws, beaks, feathers, horns, hair), paper, cotton, nacre, corals, and even our own bone matrix are all natural organic nanomaterial. Nano electronics refer to the use of nanotechnology in electronic components. Nano metrology is a subfield of metrology, concerned with the science of measurement at the Nano scale level. Nano metrology has a crucial role in order to produce Nano materials and devices with a high degree of accuracy and reliability in Nano manufacturing.
Track4. Behavior and mechanics of Smart materials
The behavior and mechanics of smart materials is an approach that combines determined cloth behavior with mechanism-based totally fashions that not handiest, gives perception into the determined behavior, but manual the improvement of recent materials. The behavior of the smart materials includes its resistance to electricity i.e Electrical Properties of Smart Materials, their resistance to thermal conductivity i.e. Thermal Properties of smart materials, corrosion resistance i.e. Corrosive Properties of smart materials .The most important characteristics of any materials are they should be reliable i.e. Reliability of smart materials, they should be hard i.e. Toughness of the smart materials .Mechanics of the smart materials include Mechanical Properties of smart material and Strength of smart materials.
Track 5. Composite Materials
Composite materials are made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different chemical or physical properties that, when combined produces a material with different characteristics from the individual components. The individual component remains same when compared with the finished product. The composite materials include RCC, engineered wood, ceramics composites, and metal composite. A metal matrix composite (MMC) is composite material with at least two constituent parts, one being a metal necessarily, the other material may be a different metal. Reinforced Carbon-Carbon is a composite material consisting of carbon fiber reinforcement in a matrix of graphite . Carbon–carbon is well-suited to structural applications at high temperatures, or where thermal shock resistance and/or a low coefficient of thermal expansion is needed .Scientists are now extending their research in the areas of robotic materials, Nano components, fabrication techniques. Ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) are a subgroup of composite materials as well as a subgroup of technical ceramics. They consist of ceramic fibers embedded in a ceramic matrix, thus forming a ceramic fiber reinforced ceramics.
Track6. Smart Polymeric Materials
Smart polymers are excessive-overall performance polymers that trade in keeping with the surroundings they are in. Such materials can be sensitive to quite a number of factors, consisting of temperature, humidity, pH, the wavelength or intensity of mild or an electrical or magnetic area and might reply in numerous methods, like changing color or transparency, turning into conductive or permeable to water or converting form (form reminiscence polymers). Smart polymers may also change conformation, adhesiveness or water retention residences. A hydrogel is a macromolecular polymer gel constructed of a network of cross linked polymer chains. Hydrogels are synthesized from hydrophilic monomers by either chain or step growth, along with a functional cross linker to promote network formation. Protein folding is the physical process by which a protein chain acquires its native 3-dimensional structure, a conformation that is usually biologically functional, in an expeditious and reproducible manner. A biosensor is an analytical device that combines a biological component with a physicochemical detector. Microfluidics deals with the behavior, precise control and manipulation of fluids that are geometrically constrained to a small, typically sub-millimeter, scale. It is a multidisciplinary field at the intersection of engineering, physics, chemistry, biochemistry, nanotechnology, and biotechnology, with practical applications in the design of systems in which low volumes of fluids are processed to achieve multiplexing, automation, and high-throughput screening.
Track7. Ceramic smart materials and glasses
Ceramic engineering-branch of engineering deals with the science and technology of creating object from inorganic and non-metallic materials. This branch of engineering is needed right from the production of ceramic bones, teeth, and other fiber optic cables used for surgery to ceramic superconductors, lasers and many more. It has many applications in various fields like aerospace, bio medical, electronics, semiconductors, automotive, optics and ceramic matrix composites, sports, military etc. Bio ceramics and bio glasses are ceramic materials that are biocompatible. Bio ceramics range in biocompatibility from the ceramic oxides, which are inert in the body, to the other extreme of restorable materials, which are eventually replaced by the materials which they were used to repairing. Bioactive ceramics have been used clinically to repair bone defects owing to their biological affinity to living bone; i.e. the capability of direct bonding to living bone, their so-called bioactivity. Bioactive glasses are novel dental materials that are different from conventional glasses and are used in dentistry. Bioactive glasses are composed of calcium and phosphate which are present in a proportion that is similar to the bone hydroxyapatite. Glass-ceramics have an amorphous phase and one or more crystalline phases and are produced by "controlled crystallization" in contrast to a spontaneous crystallization, which is usually not wanted in glass manufacturing. Mesoporous material is a material containing pores with diameters between 2 and 50 nm. The applications of mesaphoric material are in catalysis, sorption, gas sensing, ion exchange, optics, and photo voltaic. Ceramic substances are offered in the market as bone substitute materials. These include monophasic calcium phosphate ceramics of tricalciumphosphate (TCP) or hydroxyapatite (HA), biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics and multiphasic bio-glasses synthetic calcium phosphate cements.
Track 8. Application of smart materials
The applications of Smart materials are in the following fields like Aerospace, Mass transit, Marine, Automotive, Computers and other electronic devices, Consumer goods applications, Civil engineering, Medical equipment applications, Rotating machinery applications. Sensors built into aircraft will let maintenance people know when repairs or more sophisticated inspections are required. . Another important application is using the MR fluid .The MR damper developed at the Intelligent Structures and Systems Lab uses the mixed mode configuration. The MR damper has a built-in MR valve across which the MR fluid is forced. The piston of the MR damper acts as an electromagnet with the required number of coils to produce the appropriate magnetic field. Smart materials have begun to have a significant impact in the field of medicine. Smart material is a promising example that deserves a wide focus, from research to application. With two crystal structures called Austenite and Martensite under different temperatures, smart material exhibits two special properties different from ordinary steels. One is shape memory, and the other is super elasticity. Both of these two properties can suit varied applications in civil engineering, such as pre stress bars, self-rehabilitation, and two-way actuators.
Track9. Computational design in smart materials
Computational smart materials are an exciting field which holds future potential. In the modern multi scale approaches to materials development, it plays a crucial role. Materials modeling involve several types of tools such as finite element and finite-difference methods for solving continuum equations in mechanics, fluid dynamics and diffusion, or free-energy minimization programs for phase equilibrium. Electronic structure calculations, atomistic and molecular dynamics, kinetic and statistical modeling, together with new and emerging techniques and increased computational techniques can provide answers to versatile and complex questions related to materials properties, manufacturing, performance and technological applications. There is significant ongoing interest to develop smart structure technologies, such as those that can automatically detect their condition and/or actively change their geometry or material behaviors to adapt to adverse conditions or otherwise improve operational efficiency. Optimal designing of morphing process or Shape optimization is part of the field of optimal control theory. The typical problem is to find the shape which is optimal in that it minimizes a certain cost functional while satisfying given constraints. Smart structure technologies involves with innovative strategies for increasing the safety and reliability of civil structures which are subjected to dynamic hazards such as strong earthquakes and winds. The research in this area mainly focuses on the areas of structural health monitoring, structural control, and smart sensor technologies.
Track10. Smart materials for Environment
The development of smart substances for environmental applications is a highly revolutionary and promising new approach to fulfill the growing needs from society on water sources and pollutants remediation. Polymer-bound smart catalysts are useful in waste minimization, catalyst recovery, and catalyst reuse. Polymeric smart coatings have been developed that are capable of both detecting and removing hazardous nuclear contaminants. The applications of smart materials also involves catalysis chemistry, sensor chemistry, and chemistry relevant to decontamination methodology are especially applicable to environmental problems. Water shortage is a severe issue all over the world, especially in some arid and undeveloped areas. Interestingly, a variety of natural creatures can collect water from fog, which can provide a source of inspiration to develop novel and functional water-collecting materials. Recently, as an increasingly hot research topic, biomimetic materials with the water collection ability have captured vast scientific attention in both practical applications and fundamental research studies. Forward Osmosis (FO) is a remarkable new technology that turns muddy, contaminated water, into a clean and refreshing drink. These are some of the ways in which the smart materials are giving solutions to environmental problems.
Track 11. Smart materials for health care
Technological advances in the field of health care and human welfare are significantly benefiting from the role that materials play not only in terms of their use as implants or for drug delivery applications, but also the new technologies that help with disease detection which rely on developments in materials. Nanoparticles as drug delivery systems enable unique approaches for cancer treatment. a large number of nanoparticle delivery systems have been developed for cancer therapy, including organic and inorganic materials. Immunotherapy involves modulating the immune system in order to treat diseases, and biomaterials can be harnessed to develop novel, potent immunotherapies that can precisely manipulate immune cells directly in the body. The development of effective immunotherapies that induce immune tolerance would be transformative for the treatment of autoimmune diseases, which occur when the immune system becomes deregulated and attacks specific self-tissues as though they were foreign pathogens. 3D bio printing is the process of creating cell patterns in a confined space using 3D printing technologies, where cell function and viability are preserved within the printed construct. Generally, 3D bio printing utilizes the layer-by-layer method to deposit materials known as Bio inks create tissue-like structures that are later used in medical and tissue engineering fields. Currently, bio printing can be used to print tissues and organs to help research drugs and pills and it has recently incorporated printing of scaffolds. Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. In this way smart materials are playing a crucial role in bringing advancements .
Smart Materials marketplace is expected to garner $72.63 billion through 2022, registering a CAGR of 14.9% all through the forecast length 2016-2022. Smart substances are adaptive or shrewd Materials that pose intrinsic and extrinsic talents. Those may be altered by means of external stimuli, consisting of moisture, temperature, electromagnetic field, and strain to reap the preferred useful outcomes. Further, these materials are dynamic in nature and reply to their immediate interplay environments with the aid of adapting their traits. improvements inside the materials technological know-how area resulted within the development of substances for specific programs, which changed into previously not viable with using conventional substances, which include polymers/plastics, metals, glass, and ceramics. Smart substances are able to working at a very basic practical level, including temperature and may be used in very complicated technical structures by using incorporating extra functionalities and residences. for instance, smart materials can be utilized in strength supply structures for microelectronic components.
Smart substances are used in programs, together with transducers, actuators & vehicles, and structural substances. The marketplace for smart substances is pushed by means of the rise in adoption of smart substances products among numerous stop-consumer industries, which includes protection & aerospace, automobile, and client electronics; supportive government tasks & plans; and boom in R&D investment by means of distinguished gamers to optimize the value and quality of clever materials. There is a high demand for smart substances resulting from capacity boom in rising economies in addition to evolution in internet of factors . The cost chain of smart Materials observes the presence of massive variety of stakeholders from the uncooked cloth vendors to final end customers. each of those stakeholders percentage a selected fee at their point of operation, and in flip, contribute to the aggressive value of the product. R&D activities, improvements, and advertising and marketing techniques further enhance the fee related to cease-deliverables via each participant, who perform in the international Smart Material industry.